vocalic /r/

32 Allophones of /r/

There are actually 32 unique /r/ allohones, 42 acutally if you count medial /r/ blends as in words such as apricot. Here is the breakdown of the 32 unique /r/ allophones or sounds: 19 vocalic /r/’s where the vowel is before the /r/ as in words such as Archie, barn and father 11 initial /r/ blends a consonant occurs before the /r/ sound as in words such as bread, print prevocalic /r/ words have /r/ at the beginning of the word as in...

Read More

Why the /r/ Phoneme is so difficult to crack

By Christine Ristuccia, SLP Conversations with hundreds of clinicians that work with all grade levels of articulation students confirm that remediating the /r/ phoneme can be one of the most frustrating of all of the speech-language pathology tasks.Why? Because in traditional articulation intervention, evaluation and treatment procedures for /r/ do not consider all the allophones of /r/.  All of the vocalic /r/s (e.g., ar, er, or) are grouped...

Read More

Qualifying Your Students for /r/ Intervention

By Christine Ristuccia, M.S. CCC-SLP When qualifying students for /r/ intervention, it is important to begin with a formal assessment, such as the Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation.  This test gives limited data about which specific /r/s have been mis-produced.  I recommend utilizing the Entire World of R (EWR) screening tools to specifically identify which /r/ has been mis-produced. Below is an example of a summary of the EWR screening....

Read More

How to Administer Speech Screenings in 10 Minutes or Less

By Christine Ristuccia, M.S. CCC-SLP Administration of a speech screening does not take long, yet it is a critical first step in being able to successfully overcome speech disorders with your students. I initially qualify my students for speech services and then re-administer the single word screening approximately every five sessions to assess their progress and current performance levels. Here is how you can administer speech screenings in 10...

Read More

Practical Strategies for Prevocalic /r/; Never underestimate the Power of Intervention

I have been blogging about prevocalic/r/ intervention in regards to gliding or w/r substitution  Example:   rain vs. Wayne   In intervention for /r/, I teach students that if a /w/ is produced instead of an/r/ as in Wayne vs. rain that the listeners would most likely get confused and think that they are referring to a boy named ‘Wayne versus rain like the weather.  I worked recently with a first grade student who used the Entire World of...

Read More